This is Sam Houston's Woodland home. His family moved here during the year of 1847 while Sam was away in Washington as one of Texas' first Senators. They lived here until 1859, when Sam ran for the Governor of Texas and won.
The Woodland home is actually just a simple log cabin. It was common practice in those days to place siding over the logs. Not only would it give an appearance of wealth, but it would also give some extra insulation during the cold winters. The house is in the common design of a "dogrun" or "dogtrot" house. It is named this because the North and South doors were left open to let the breeze blow through. Besides the wind coming through, dogs, cats, chickens, and children would run right through it.